The World’s Oldest Guitar: A Quick Guide

by Madonna

When we talk about guitars today, our minds often conjure up images of iconic musicians strumming and picking their way through timeless melodies. Yet, the story of the guitar is far older and more enigmatic than the modern stage would suggest. This article embarks on a journey through time to unveil the secrets of the world’s oldest guitar, shedding light on its evolution and profound significance in the tapestry of human history.

What is An Old Guitar?

An old guitar is a musical instrument with a significant history and age, typically showing signs of wear, patina, and aging. These guitars have been played and cherished for many years, often acquiring a unique character and sound due to the aging of their wood and strings. Old guitars can range from vintage models, which are sought after by collectors for their historical value, to well-loved instruments that have been passed down through generations. They may exhibit a sense of nostalgia, craftsmanship, and a rich tonal quality that distinguishes them from newer counterparts, making them prized possessions for musicians and enthusiasts alike.


The history of guitar

Before delving into the quest for the oldest guitar, it’s crucial to understand the guitar’s ancestral roots. The modern guitar belongs to the chordophone family, which encompasses an array of stringed instruments like lutes, harps, and zithers. These instruments have been captivating human ears for millennia, tracing their origins to various ancient civilizations.


The guitar’s early predecessors include the oud, a pear-shaped stringed instrument that made its debut over 4,000 years ago in ancient Mesopotamia. The oud shared several similarities with today’s guitars, including a sound hole and string arrangement. As centuries flowed by, different cultures and regions developed their unique variations of stringed instruments, laying the foundation for the guitar’s eventual emergence.


The Hunt for the Oldest Guitar

With this historical backdrop in mind, we embark on our quest to discover the world’s oldest guitar. Although pinpointing the absolute oldest guitar is a formidable task due to the scarcity of historical records and the inevitable deterioration of ancient instruments, several contenders have emerged over the years.

1. The Belchior Dias Guitar (1590)

One of the earliest known guitars that has withstood the test of time is the Belchior Dias Guitar, crafted in Portugal around 1590. This remarkable instrument serves as a testament to the enduring legacy of the guitar. The Belchior Dias Guitar, a four-course guitar, boasts a distinctive Renaissance design adorned with intricate inlays and impeccable craftsmanship. It currently resides in the Museum of Music in Paris, France, where it continues to inspire musicians and enthusiasts alike.

2. The Ashmolean Museum Guitar (c. 1600)

Another noteworthy contender for the title of the oldest guitar is an instrument preserved in the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England. It is believed to have been created around 1600. This guitar represents a transitional phase in the evolution of the instrument, featuring five courses instead of the traditional four. The guitar’s ornate decorations and distinctive features make it an invaluable artifact, offering insights into the guitar’s evolution over time.

3. The Belchior Dias Manuscript (c. 1623)

In addition to physical instruments, historical manuscripts provide invaluable insights into the early days of the guitar. The Belchior Dias Manuscript, thought to have been created around 1623, is one such treasure. This handwritten document contains musical compositions specifically for the guitar, shedding light on the playing techniques and tunings of the early 17th century. While not a physical instrument, the manuscript serves as a window into the music of its era, preserving a piece of the guitar’s history.

4. The Voboam Guitar (c. 1680)

Advancing into the late 17th century, we encounter the Voboam Guitar, a masterpiece crafted by the renowned French luthier René Voboam around 1680. This exquisite instrument is emblematic of the Baroque period of guitar design, characterized by intricate rosette designs and the use of precious materials. The Voboam Guitar now resides at the Musée de la Musique in Paris, serving as a testament to the artistry and innovation of its time.

Do ancient guitars have an influence on modern music?

While these ancient guitars may not be in regular use today, their influence on the modern guitar is undeniable. The guitar’s evolution from its early forms to the contemporary instrument we know today has been a continuous process of innovation and adaptation. Techniques developed on these historic instruments have been passed down through generations, shaping the way we play and appreciate the guitar in the present day.

1. Classical Guitar

In the realm of classical music, the legacy of early guitars continues to resonate. Composers like Fernando Sor, Francisco Tárrega, and Isaac Albéniz drew inspiration from the guitar’s history, incorporating its unique tonal qualities into their compositions. The classical guitar, with its nylon strings and intricate fingerpicking techniques, pays homage to its ancestors while embracing modern innovations.

2. Folk and Contemporary Music

In the world of folk and contemporary music, the guitar has undergone further transformations. From the folk revival of the 1960s to the electrifying sounds of rock and roll, the guitar’s adaptability has allowed it to become a symbol of self-expression and creativity. Innovations such as the electric guitar and effects pedals have expanded its sonic possibilities, creating new musical genres and pushing the boundaries of what’s possible.

See Also: Using a Pitch Pipe for Guitar Tuning: A Step-by-Step Guide

Curtain Call: Resonating Through the Ages

In conclusion, our quest to uncover the world’s oldest guitar is not merely about identifying a single instrument but rather celebrating the enduring legacy of the guitar itself. The Belchior Dias Guitar, the Ashmolean Museum Guitar, the Belchior Dias Manuscript, and the Voboam Guitar each offer a unique glimpse into a different chapter of guitar craftsmanship and music history.

As we continue to explore the mysteries of the past and push the boundaries of musical creativity, the guitar stands as a testament to the enduring spirit of human ingenuity and the unifying force of music. It resonates through the ages, connecting us to our shared cultural heritage and inspiring generations to come. Whether strummed softly in an intimate acoustic performance or unleashed with electrifying force in a rock concert, the guitar’s melodies continue to captivate and enchant, echoing through the corridors of time.


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